Saint-Denis — пам'ятки та цікаві факти

Saint-Denis розташовано в північній частині Франції (Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis, Region Ile-de-France), 49 кілометрів на північ від міста Region Ile-de-France. Тут ми нарахували 2 пам'ятки. Ось деякі найбільш цікаві з них: Стад Де Франс, Базиліка Сен-Дені. В околицях також є на що подивитися. На південному-сході в 3 кілометрах знаходиться Кінний театр Зінгаро. На південному-заході в 4 кілометрах знаходиться Блошиний ринок Парижа Marche aux Puces, Стадіон Де-Парі (4 км). На півдні в 4 кілометрах знаходиться Цирк "Діана Морено Борман", Музей науки та індустрії (4 км).

Пропонуємо Вам відвідати найбільш цікаві пам’ятки, які ми знайшли навколо:

результатів: 25
Кінний театр Зінгаро Aubervilliers
Блошиний ринок Парижа Marche aux Puces Saint-Ouen
Цирк "Діана Морено Борман" La Plaine-Saint-Denis
Стадіон Де-Парі Saint-Ouen
Музей науки та індустрії Pantin
Розважальний центр "Місто дитинства" Pantin
Діамантовий центр Лорензі Les Gresillons
Кінотеатр жеоди Pantin
Парк Ла-Віллетт Pantin
Театр "Полярна зірка" Saint-Ouen
Національний центр танцю Pantin
Аерокосмічний музей Dugny
Інститут культури ісламу Paris 18 Buttes-Montmartre
Музей авіації та космонавтики в Ле Бурже Dugny
Музикоград Le Pre-Saint-Gervais
Озеро ла Віллет La Villette
Паризька філармонія Le Pre-Saint-Gervais
Кладовищі Сен-Вінсен Paris 18 Buttes-Montmartre
Концертний зал «Зеніт» Le Pre-Saint-Gervais
Кабаре "Моторний кролик" Paris 18 Buttes-Montmartre
Опера "La Péniche" Paris 19 Buttes-Chaumont
Musee de Montmartre Paris 18 Buttes-Montmartre
Saint-Denis — Новини

Цікаві факти Saint-Denis

Saint Denis () is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris France It is located from the centre of Paris Saint Denis is a subprefecture () of the department of Seine Saint Denis being the seat of the arrondissement of Saint Denis Saint Denis is home to the royal necropolis of the Basilica of...  Детальніше
Про Saint-Denis з Вікіпедії
мовою оригіналу
Saint-Denis () is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris. Saint-Denis is a subprefecture () of the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, being the seat of the arrondissement of Saint-Denis.Saint-Denis is home to the royal necropolis of the Basilica of Saint Denis and was also the location of the associated abbey. It is also home to France's national football and rugby stadium, the Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup.Saint-Denis is a formerly industrial suburb currently reconverting its economic base.Inhabitants of Saint-Denis are called Dionysiens.Зміст1 Name2 History2.1 Heraldry3 Demographics3.1 Immigration3.1.1 Maghrebians4 Transport5 Crime6 Education7 Personalities8 Points of interest9 International relations9.1 Twin towns — Sister cities10 References11 Further reading12 External linksNameUntil the 3rd century, Saint-Denis was a large settlement called Catcolacus or Catculliacum, probably meaning "estate of Catullius", a Gallo-Roman landowner. About 250 CE, the first bishop of Paris, Saint Denis, was martyred on Montmartre hill and buried in Catolacus. Shortly after 250 his grave became a shrine and a pilgrimage centre, with the building of the Abbey of Saint Denis, and the settlement was renamed Saint-Denis.In 1793, during the French Revolution, Saint-Denis was renamed Franciade in a gesture of rejection of religion. In 1803, however, under the Consulate of Napoléon Bonaparte, the city reverted to its former name of Saint-Denis.HistoryDuring its history, Saint-Denis has been closely associated with the French royal house; starting from Dagobert I, almost every French king was buried in the Basilica.However, Saint-Denis is older than that. In the 2nd century, there was a Gallo-Roman village named Catolacus on the location that Saint-Denis occupies today. Saint Denis, the first bishop of Paris and patron saint of France, was martyred in about 250 and buried in the cemetery of Catolacus. Denis' tomb quickly became a place of worship.Around 475, Sainte Geneviève had a small chapel erected on Denis' tomb, which by then had become a popular destination for pilgrims.It was this chapel that Dagobert I had rebuilt and turned into a royal monastery. Dagobert granted many privileges to the monastery: independence from the bishop of Paris, the right to hold a market, and, most importantly, he was buried in Saint-Denis; a tradition which was followed by almost all his successors.During the Middle Ages, because of the privileges granted by Dagobert, Saint-Denis grew to become very important. Merchants from all over Europe (and indeed from the Byzantine Empire) came to visit its market.In 1140, Abbot Suger, counselor to the King, granted further privileges to the citizens of Saint-Denis. He also started the work of enlarging the basilica that still exists today, often cited as the first example of Gothic Architecture.Rolf, Toman (ed.) (2004). Der Gothisch. Ullmann & Könemann // Swaan, Wim (1969). The Gothic Cathedral // Several others. The new church was consecrated in 1144.Saint-Denis suffered heavily in the Hundred Years' War; of its 10,000 citizens, only 3,000 remained after the war.Посилання на зображення Battle of Saint-Denis (1567)Посилання на зображення Saint-Denis 1830During the French Wars of Religion, the Battle of Saint-Denis was fought between Catholics and Protestants on 10 November 1567. The Protestants were defeated, but the Catholic commander Anne de Montmorency was killed. In 1590, the city surrendered to Henry IV, who converted to Catholicism in 1593 in the abbey of Saint-Denis.King Louis XIV started several industries in Saint-Denis: weaving and spinning mills and dyehouses. His successor, Louis XV, whose daughter was a nun in the Carmelite convent, took a lively interest in the city: he added a chapel to the convent and also renovated the buildings of the royal abbey.Посилання на зображення Maison d'éducation de la Légion d'honneur de Saint-Denis.During the French Revolution, not only was the city renamed "Franciade" from 1793 to 1803, but the royal necropolis was looted and destroyed. The remains were removed from the tombs and thrown together; during the French Restoration, since they could not be sorted out anymore, they were reburied in a common ossuary.The last king to be interred in Saint-Denis was Louis XVIII. After France became a republic and an empire, Saint-Denis lost its association with royalty.On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. On that occasion, the commune of La Chapelle-Saint-Denis was disbanded and divided between the city of Paris, Saint-Denis, Saint-Ouen, and Aubervilliers. Saint-Denis received the north-western part of La Chapelle-Saint-Denis.During the 19th century, Saint-Denis became increasingly industrialized. Transport was much improved: in 1824 the Canal Saint-Denis was constructed, linking the Canal de l'Ourcq in the northeast of Paris to the River Seine at the level of L'Île-Saint-Denis, and in 1843 the first railway reached Saint-Denis. By the end of the century, there were 80 factories in Saint-Denis.The presence of so many industries also gave rise to an important socialist movement. In 1892, Saint-Denis elected its first socialist administration, and by the 1920s, the city had acquired the nickname of la ville rouge, the red city. Until Jacques Doriot in 1934, all mayors of Saint-Denis were members of the Communist Party.During the Second World War, after the defeat of France, Saint-Denis was occupied by the Germans on 13 June 1940. There were several acts of sabotage and strikes, most notably on 14 April 1942 at the Hotchkiss factory. After an insurgency which started on 18 August 1944, Saint-Denis was liberated by General Leclerc on 27 August 1944.After the war, the economic crisis of the 1970s and 1980s hit the city, which was heavily dependent on its heavy industry.During the 1990s, however, the city started to grow again. The 1998 FIFA World Cup provided an enormous impulse; the main stadium for the tournament, the Stade de France, was built in Saint-Denis, along with many infrastructural improvements, such as the extension of the metro to Saint-Denis-Université. The stadium is used by the national football and rugby teams for friendly matches. The Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue and Top 14 final matches are held there, as well as the Meeting Areva international athletics event.Посилання на зображення Rue Gabriel Péri, a pedestrian zone in Saint-Denis, in 2012.Since 2000, Saint-Denis works together with seven neighbouring communes (Aubervilliers, Villetaneuse, Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, Épinay-sur-Seine, L'Île-Saint-Denis (since 2003), Stains (since 2003) and La Courneuve (since 2005) in Plaine Commune.In 2003, together with Paris, Saint-Denis hosted the second European Social Forum.Heraldry Motto : Saint Denys Montjoie ! the arms of Saint-Denis are blazoned : Azure semé de lys Or (=France Ancient).Blason de Saint-Denis.svgArms of Saint-DenisPhoto du blason de la ville de saint denis.JPGArms on the front of the post office, rue de la RépubliqueDemographicsImmigrationMaghrebiansAs of 2008 18.1% of the population of Saint-Denis was Maghrebian.Maxwell, Rahsaan Daniel. Tensions and Tradeoffs: Ethnic Minority Migrant Integration in Britain and France. ProQuest, 2008. p. 197. ISBN 0549874585, 9780549874584. Melissa K. Brynes, author of French Like Us? Municipal Policies and North African Migrants in the Parisian Banlieues, 1945--1975, wrote that in the middle of the 20th Century, "few of [the Paris-area communes with North African populations] were as engaged with their migrant communities as the Dionysiens."Byrnes, Melissa K. French Like Us? Municipal Policies and North African Migrants in the Parisian Banlieues, 1945--1975. ProQuest, 2008. ISBN 0549741224, 9780549741220. p. 283.TransportПосилання на зображення RER B at La Plaine - Stade de FranceSaint-Denis is served by four stations on Paris Métro Line 13: Carrefour Pleyel, Saint-Denis - Porte de Paris, Basilique de Saint-Denis (in the centre of town, near the Saint Denis Basilica), and Saint-Denis – Université.Saint-Denis is also served by La Plaine – Stade de France station on Paris RER line B, which is the closest station to the Stade de France.Finally, Saint-Denis is also served by two stations on Paris RER line D: Stade de France – Saint-Denis and Saint-Denis. This last station, historically the only rail station in Saint-Denis before the arrivals of the Métro and the RER, serves also as an interchange station for the Transilien Paris – Nord suburban rail line.CrimeSaint-Denis and its surrounding areas are infamous in France for their crime rate. In 2005 it had 150.71 criminal incidents per 1000 inhabitants, far higher than the national average (83 per 1000) and higher than its department of Seine-Saint-Denis (95.67 per 1000). Police efficiency has been reported as very low, with only 19.82% of crimes solved by the police.EducationSaint-Denis has 29 public écoles maternelles."La liste des écoles maternelles de Saint-Denis." Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 1 February 2012. Saint-Denis has 30 public écoles élémentaires, with one of those schools (École Élémentaire Maria Casarès) being an intercommunal school."La liste des écoles élémentaires de Saint-Denis." Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 1 February 2012. Saint-Denis has eight public collèges."Les collèges dans la ville." Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 31 January 2012. Saint-Denis has Lycée Bartholdi, Lycée Paul Éluard, Lycée Suger, and Lycée d’application de l’E.N.N.A."Les lycées dans la ville." Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 31 January 2012.Saint-Denis has one private elementary, middle, and high school (Ensemble scolaire Jean-Baptiste de La Salle et Notre-Dame de la Compassion) and one private middle and high school (Collège et lycée Saint-Vincent de Paul).Personalities Angelo Debarre, musician Nakibou Aboubakari, footballer Jean-Christophe Bahebeck, footballer Paule Baudouin, handball player Maurice Beyina, basketball player Thievy Bifouma, footballer Franck Chantalou, karateka Vincent Clarico, athlete Pierre Degeyter, composer Charles Dezobry, author Phousseyne Diaby, footballer Paul Éluard, poet Auguste Gillot, mayor Jean-Marc Grava, athlete Auriol Guillaume, footballer Abdelaziz Kamara, footballer Vasseko Karamoko, footballer Jonathan Kodjia, footballer Moussa Koita, footballer Albert Lebourg, painter Loic Lumbilla footballer Rosere Manguelle, footballer Claude Monet, painter Louis-Gabriel Moreau, painter Rodrigue Nordin, athlete Francisque Poulbot, illustrator Michael Raffaelli, painter Yannis Salibur, footballer Kool Shen, rapper (Suprême NTM)Gross, Joan, David McMurray, and Ted Swedenburg. "Arab Noise and Ramadan Nights: Rai, Rap, and Franco-Maghrebi Identities" (Anthropology: Postcolonial Studies). In: Lavie, Smadar and Ted Swedenburg. Displacement, Diaspora, and Geographies of Identity. Duke University Press, 1996. ISBN 0822317206, 9780822317203. p. 142. Paul Signac, painter William Soliman, basketball player Joey Starr, rapper (Suprême NTM) Brahim Thiam, footballer Alassane Toure, footballer Alioune Toure, footballer Yannick Urbino, athlete Maurice Utrillo, painter Sabrina Ouazani, actress Sami Ameziane, humourist (Le comte de Bouderbala)<Points of interest Musée Bouilhet-Christofle, a museum centred on silver plate and cutlery Basilica of St Denis, a 12th-century church, burial place of kings of France Stade de France, the national stadium of France Cité du Cinéma, film studios founded by Luc Besson.International relationsTwin towns — Sister citiesSaint-Denis is twinned with: Córdoba, Spain Gera, Germany Coatbridge, United Kingdom Guarulhos, Brazil Sesto San Giovanni, Italy Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina Nazareth, IsraelReferencesFurther reading Hirji, Shazmin. "Outside Paris" (Archive). The Harvard Crimson. September 13, 2012. - Opinion sectionExternal links INSEE City council website Saint-Denis, a town in the Middle Ages

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